Vinegar or ‘sour wine’ had been used 5,000 BC, in the time of Babylonians. Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, applied apple cider vinegar in his treatments, including wound healing or relieving persistent cough.
Scientists have found that apple cider vinegar regulates blood sugar efficiently and stimulates weight loss. The fermentation of apple cider vinegar is performed in two stages.
In the first stage, yeast and bacteria turn sugar into alcohol. Acetobacteria turns alcohol into acetic acid. This oxidation is quite slow and lengthy.
Acetic acid gives apple cider vinegar a distinguishing note and a sour taste. It also leaves a cloudy substance, ‘the mother,’ at the bottom of the bottle.
The mother is the fermentation bit of the apple and it is rich in enzymes. Always look for raw, unpasteurized apple cider vinegar with ‘the mother’ in it.
Blood sugar regulation
Apple cider vinegar is usually added to salad dressings and this is the most common way of using it. Take a shot of the natural tonic before you eat beef or any other high caloric meal that requires a longer digestion. According to a Japanese study conducted in 2003, by changing of pickled cucumbers for fresh cucumbers you can decrease the glycemic index by 30%.
Researchers believe that these antiglycemic characteristics help apple cider vinegar to regulate blood sugar levels in individuals who have diabetes type 2.
The main ingredient in apple cider vinegar has an antiglycemic effect and blocks the metformin, a medicine that is commonly prescribed to diabetics. Metformin has various side effects, including nausea, drowsiness, diarrhea and others. Experts believe that this particular drug causes liver disease and heart problems.
Post prandial glycemia occurs after meals -- it is the highest spike in blood glucose levels. Certain studies have shown that by combining apple cider vinegar with your meals you can enhance your blood glucose sensitivity. A study published in the Diabetes Journal in 2007 supported the ‘dawn phenomenon,’ which applies to the effect of apple cider vinegar on hyperglycemia in diabetes type 2.
Participants who took 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar before their meals had reduced their fasting glucose levels by 4-6 %. Those who received medical treatment showed a reduction of 3-6%.
In another study scientists showed that women who had vinegar with their morning meals reduced their blood glucose by 55%.
Weight loss occurs naturally in individuals who take a tablespoon or two of apple cider vinegar every day. The anticlycemic index of this tonic inhibits enzymes and thus represses carbohydrate synthesis. These enzymes improve blood concentration and help in regulating appetite and satiety.
Both lipogenesis and synthesis of fatty acids regulate cholesterol levels. Acetic acid increases the tolerance to both acids and thus protects liver. Insulin activity and increased blood flow have a synergistic nature which later relays into energy boost.
Apple cider vinegar stimulated a healthy weight loss process in 155 Japanese. The results showed a decline in BMI, visceral fat, serum triglyceride and others. Certain factors stimulate detoxification and improve liver health; apple cider vinegar stimulates the fecal bile acid which contributes to a healthy weight loss.