Diabetes is often called “silent killer” because its signs sometimes cannot be recognized. Before you know you have diabetes, this disease can destroy several organs.
In diabetes, high blood glucose acts like a poison and it is often accompanied by elevated blood pressure and abnormal lipid levels in the blood.
Diabetes has turned into a major problem these days, and the number of people developing diabetes is on the rise. How much do you know about diabetes?
- Type 1
It develops when your pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin. Experts refer to it as an autoimmune condition. It’s sometimes a matter of genes, and also may occur in patients who have had cell damage due to a virus or vitamin D deficiency.
- Type 2
It’s the type in which pancreas can’t produce insulin and cells can’t use it either.
It develops as a result of hypertension, cholesterol issues, high triglycerides, family history, gestational diabetes, obesity, aging, etc.
- Gestational diabetes
It develops in pregnant women and overweight individuals. Diabetes is referred to a silent killer, and may result in serious problems, including cardiovascular disease, kidney malfunction, skin issues, etc.
Other risk factors
Patients can also develop diabetes as a result of unhealthy eating habits, poor physical activity, obesity and smoking.
Since diabetes can cause serious health complications, it is important to pay attention to the symptoms while it is not too late and consult your doctor to test you.
Common signs and symptoms of diabetes:
1. Frequent urination
If you go to the toilet more than you usually do, maybe you have diabetes. Polyria is a condition in which kidneys work too much to eliminate excess sugars. Consult your doctor if you notice this.
Frequent urination means you feel thirsty all the time. Your body is dehydrated, and your favorite soda will only make the situation even worse. The same applies to chocolate milk and juices.
3. Hunger pangs
Diabetics can’t regulate blood sugars necessary for their energy, and thus feel hungry all the time. It’s just your body that needs more food.
4. Slow healing of sores and wounds
Blood sugar hardens arteries, and restricts the flow of oxygen to wounds, meaning they take more time to heal. Red blood cells carry nutrients, and lack these in cases of diabetes.
Diabetics can’t fight infections, such as UTIs. If your body is unable to ward off nasty infections, consider checking your blood sugar.
6. Sudden weight loss
Your body loses water and can’t absorb the calories. You lose weight, and your body can’t break down any protein.
Diabetes makes you weak and tired all the time. Remember, your body can’t absorb sugars, and your circulation suffers a big deal.
8. Tingling and numbness
Blood can’t flow freely, and diabetics usually notice tingling and numbness in their body.
9. Dry skin and itchiness
This is also a result of poor circulation. Your sweat glands can’t do their job, and your skin gets too dry.
10. Vision issues
Diabetes affects the flow of fluids in your body, and your eyes are too dry. This results in blurry vision.