It is of utmost importance to know the primary differences among cardiac arrest, heart attack, and stroke so we can protect ourselves and the people around us. They are very serious matters and anyone may suffer from them.
Also, it is very important to know that there are various risk factors, and to pay attention to them all since there are some which can be reversed or prevented.
What I’m trying to say is that this can be a significant help if you want to lower your risk of suffering from any one of them! So, keep reading carefully!
Cardiac Arrest: A Problem Concerning the Electrical System of the Heart
It occurs when the heart muscles suddenly stop beating as a result of an improper function of the organ. The heart’s electrical system that is out of control is the cause of a cardiac arrest.
This leads to irregular heartbeat known as arrhythmia and even total cessation of the pumping action of the heart. A person that experiences cardiac arrest and does not get an immediate help and treatment dies in just a few minutes.
The supply of oxygen to different parts of the body, most importantly the brain, is disrupted because the heart is unable to pump blood, so this leads to cellular death.
Cardiac arrest causes signs such as unresponsiveness, an absence of breath, and gasping.
It is estimated that annually, nearly 360,000 cases of cardiac arrests only in the US occur outside of the hospital setting
Family history, coronary heart disease, age, gender, smoking, history of arrhythmias, drugs and excessive consumption of alcohol are among the risk factors.
Heart Attack: A Problem with the Supply of Blood to the Heart Itself
It occurs when one or more regions of the heart do not get oxygen because of a blood flow restriction.
The blockage of an artery is usually the cause of a heart attack. This artery supplies blood to the organ which has a responsibility to pump blood throughout the body.
A blood clot that has made its way to the blood vessel supplying blood to the heart or plaque and cholesterol buildup on the inner arterial wall are considered as the main causes of the blockage.
The person who suffers from a heart attack needs to get an immediate treatment because it can experience a greater damage if the treatment is delayed.
A heart attack causes signs such as shortness of breath, cold sweats, nausea, anxiety, pressure, tightness or squeezing sensation in the chest, pain that radiates to the arms, shoulders, upper back and jaw.
During a heart attack, the heart usually does not stop beating, unlike in a cardiac arrest. The most common risk factors are diabetes, high blood pressure, age, gender, family history, stress, obesity, poor diet, and a sedentary lifestyle.
Stroke: A Problem Concerning the Interruption or Severe Reduction of Blood Supply to the Brain
It occurs when a part of the brain does not get the needed oxygen. This happens due to the cessation or extreme reduction of the blood flow to the vital organ.
A blood clot that has made its way to one of the blood vessels found in the brain is the main cause of a stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke is the bursting or leaking of a blood vessel responsible for supplying the brain with blood.
An immediate treatment can help save the life of the person suffering from a stroke. It can also help prevent complications such as weakness or paralysis of one side of the body.
The most common symptoms of a stroke include dizziness, trouble with speaking, confusion, loss of coordination, numbness or weakness of the face or one side of the body, and sudden severe headache without any known triggering factor.
It is considered that a stroke is the major cause of disability among the American population.
Among the most common risk factors are age, gender, race, family history, diabetes, obesity, blood disorders, high blood pressure, prior stroke or temporary ischemic attack (TIA), alcoholism, and smoking.