Diabetes is often called “silent killer” because its signs sometimes cannot be recognized. Before you know you have diabetes, this disease can destroy several organs.
In diabetes, high blood glucose acts like a poison and it is often accompanied by elevated blood pressure and abnormal lipid levels in the blood. The cells in your body rely on glucose to provide them with energy, which makes it necessary for normal functioning.
You can directly enter glucose into your body by eating fruit, for example, but most of the glucose is derived from the intestinal degradation of carbohydrates such as starch, which is contained in rice, potatoes and other ingredients.
Glucose is then transported to cells through the bloodstream, but in order for our body to use it, insulin is needed.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and is the key that opens the cell and allows entry of glucose. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin and must rely on insulin injections. People with type 2 diabetes may have insulin, at least in the beginning, but they cannot use it because they are resistant to insulin.
Many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 are similar, and one third of people with diabetes do not know they have it because most of them have type 2.
Since diabetes can cause serious health complications, it is important to pay attention to the symptoms while it is not too late and consult your doctor to test you.
The commonest diabetes symptoms:
- Increased thirst or dry mouth
- Urge for urinating (in larger quantities than before)
- Increased hunger
- Unexplained weight loss (besides the fact that you eat more than before)
- Weakness and fatigue
- Often infections (including fungi in the genital area) or scratches that takes long period of time to heal
- Blurred sight.
With healthy diet, exercising and proper medications, diabetics can also have active and productive life.